1. Kramer, Frederick, and Wadhams, Ed. Connecticut Company's Streetcars
. Carstens Publications, 1993.
2. Cox, Harold E. The Birney Car
. Forty Fort, PA: Author, 1966.
3. Brough, Lawrence A., and Graebner, James H. From Small Town to Downtown: A History of the Jewett Car Company, 1893-1919 (Railroads Past and Present)
. Indiana University Press, 2004.
4. Lind, Alan R. From horsecars to streamliners: An illustrated history of the St. Louis Car Company
. Transport History Press, 1978.
Personal site of Dr. Harold E. Cox, a source for car builders order lists — http://streetcars.telcen.com/